Sam Albee

On the history of mathematics

The following is a brief outline of the history of mathematics . (Further information can be found in the biographies of the mathematicians mentioned.)

The science of mathematics developed out of concrete practical needs of people. Examples of this are land surveys and calendar calculations by the Egyptians and Sumerians in the 6th and 5th centuries BC. At that time the study of numbers began in Greek mathematics - matlab homework help , the Pythagoreans in particular should be mentioned here.

The Greek-Hellenistic mathematician Euklid (around 365 to around 300 BC) summarized essential parts of the mathematical knowledge of his time in the "elements" and based it on axioms or postulates and definitions. Archimeds (around 287 to 212 BC) already calculated the volume of curved surfaces and bodies. Apollonios (around 262 to 190 BC) also investigated conic sections, and the classic problems - do my home work - of antiquity include the trisection of the angle, the squaring of the circle and the doubling of the cube.

The mathematical knowledge of antiquity was unknown in our culture for a long time; like the knowledge of the Indians and Chinese, it only came to Europe through the Arabs. Here itself was still used in the Middle Agescontributed little to the development of the science of mathematics. The Italian mathematician Fibonacci (around 1180 to around 1250), who is considered the first European “specialist mathematician”, was an exception. He dealt mainly with number theoretic problems, whereby the solution methods he specified went beyond the knowledge of the Arabs and antiquity. In the 15th and 16th centuries, trigonometry as well as commercial and logarithmic arithmetic developed - accounting homework helper . It was the time of arithmetic masters like Adam Ries (1492 to 1559) and Germany's first important mathematician Michel Stifel (1487 to 1567) who laid the foundations of logarithmic arithmetic.